In science fiction, wormholes in the cosmos act as portals through space and time that allow spacecraft to effortlessly travel vast distances. Think of movies and television shows like “Star Trek” and “Interstellar” for examples. If only everything were that easy.
Long-term efforts by scientists to comprehend wormholes more thoroughly now seem to be bearing fruit. Researchers revealed on Wednesday that they created two extremely tiny simulated black holes in a quantum computer and sent a message through what amounted to a space-time tunnel between them. Black holes are those extraordinarily dense celestial objects with gravity so strong that not even light can escape.
According to Maria Spiropulu, a physicist at Caltech and a co-author of the study that was published in the journal Nature, it was a “baby wormhole.” She added that researchers are still a long way from being able to transmit humans or other living things through such a gateway.
“I will tell you that it’s very, very far away based on my own experience. Can you put your dog in the wormhole? is a question that people ask me when they come to me. Therefore, no,” Spiropulu informed the media in a video briefing. That is a significant leap.
According to Fermilab, the nation’s particle physics and accelerator laboratory, physicist and research co-author Joseph Lykken, “There’s a distinction between something being possible in principle and possible in actuality.” So, if you were planning to send your dog through the wormhole, don’t hold your breath. However, you must begin somewhere. And I find it really amazing that we can even get our hands on this.The Sycamore quantum processor at Alphabet’s Google was used by the researchers to monitor the wormhole dynamics.
A wormhole, a rift in space and time, is viewed as a link connecting two distant parts of the cosmos. They are known as Einstein-Rosen bridges after the two scientists who first described them, Nathan Rosen and Albert Einstein.
Such wormholes are in line with Einstein’s general relativity theory, which focuses on gravity as one of the universe’s fundamental forces. John Wheeler, a physicist, first used the phrase “wormhole” in the 1950s.
According to Spiropulu, the researchers discovered a quantum system that exhibits crucial gravitational wormhole characteristics while being tiny enough to be implemented on current quantum technology.”It has a duck-like appearance, a duck-like gait, and a duck-like quack. We can thus state at this time that we have something that, based on the features we examine, appears to be a wormhole,” Lykken added.
The experiment, according to the researchers, did not result in the creation of a wormhole that could be crossed, but quantum information that was teleported using quantum codes on the quantum processor gave the impression that one had.These concepts are very powerful and have been around for a very long time, according to Lykken.